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romans 10:18 commentary

David, the author of Psalm 14 from which Paul drew Romans 3:10-18, believed this truth a thousand years before the apostle, and in Psalm 14, David attributes this declaration to God Himself. The works of God literally proclaim his wisdom to all lands and to all people. without hearing of God, even whilst they were destitute of a Hi, ... were equally applicable to the faith of the Gospel. they had not heard it, and they were left entirely inexcusable. Scribes did not, and wondered at his gracious words; they heard wisdom, power, and goodness; so that the Gentiles were not A negative answer is implied by the interrogative particle. Their words - In the psalm, the heavens are represented as speaking, and teaching people the knowledge of the true God. Guilty before God, is a dreadful word; but no man can be justified by a law which condemns him for breaking it. Surely it cannot be that they have not heard? they heard it from John the Baptist, and were pleased with his Romans 1:1-7. I consider myself to be a slave of *Christ Jesus. by no means has it remained unheard by them, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Scripture: Romans 10:13–21. of the world; 2.4 Israel’s failure to believe was predicted in their own Scriptures. … Romans 10 - Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. - A question is often, as it is here, an emphatic way of affirming a thing. Faith righteousness is for anyone who wants it, but they must first hear God's gospel in order to believe it, and to hear the message someone must be sent to preach it. To this the apostle replies that then it was extensively known to both; and if so, then the objection in Romans 10:14-15, was not well founded, for in fact the thing existed which the objector maintained to be necessary, to wit, that they had heard, and that preachers had been sent to them. rejection of the Gospel, that they would not hear it, though its converted everywhere, and churches raised through their ministry, (i) In Psal. Yes, verily - In the original, a single word, μενοῦνγε menounge, compounded of μέν men and οὖν oun and γέ ge. The Jews heard the Gospel in the times of Isaiah, and other prophets, though they disbelieved the report of it; they heard it from John the Baptist, and were pleased with his ministry for a while; yea, they heard Christ himself preach it, who spake as never man did, with power and authority, as the Scribes did not, and wondered at his gracious words; they heard the apostles of Christ, who for some time were limited in their ministry to them only, and after their commission was enlarged, were ordered to preach first to them; so that they could not say they had not heard it, and they were left entirely inexcusable. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. on StudyLight.org &c.] (rmwa ynaw), "but I say", is a phrase frequently used by the Jewish doctors in disputation, either in forming or answering objections. xix. and then the tone or sound produced by it; and thus was understood by the Septuagint. Romans 10:18 Context. it reaches to the end of the earth. (l) Not. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath beleeued our report? extensive spread of the Gospel among them: a voice, or sound, is Romans 10:18 But I say, have they not heard? Have they not heard? By using them here, the apostle does not affirm that David had reference to the gospel in them, but he uses them to express his own meaning; he makes an affirmation about the gospel in language used by David on another occasion, but without intimating or implying that David had such a reference. they did hear. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Romans 10:4 "For Christ [is] the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth." Romans 10:14–21 explains that, despite hearing the gospel and understanding it, Israel continues to disobey. All the day long have I stretched forth my hands. Romans 9: 6-13 Children of the Promise. Paul, reasoning before Agrippa, says, that he could not be ignorant of those things, for they had not been done in a corner; Acts 26:26. 2.1 Israel stumbled over Christ — the end of the law. 4. sound reached every place; but the answer is in the affirmative, Sermons: 1. Aug 31, 2003. yes verely, their sound went into all the earth, and their words vnto the ends of the world. Proud member He brought compelling evidence that all are under sin. ascribed to the inanimate creatures; and which is so loud, that Romans 10: 1-13 The Righteousness of God. 1. Romans 10:17: “So faith comesfrom hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.” Some manuscripts read “God” instead of “Christ,” but “Christ” is the better attested reading. Romans 10:18 - American Standard Version. As applied to the heavens, it would mean that they speak, or proclaim, the wisdom or power of God. In Paul’s quotation in Romans 10:16, the word for “report” is akoé. Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world. and Gentiles; the question refers to each, and the answer is, yes, verily: ((g) T. Bab. Notice the terms he uses—“none” and “all,” that is, none is good, all are evil. Sunday, June 6, 2004 Paul responds to that question by verses 10:18-21. The Hebrew word may denote the string of an instrument, of a harp, etc. The word "they," in this place, I take to refer to the Gentiles. notwithstanding their sound went into all the earth"; and so The apostle, however, does not affirm that this was the meaning of the Hebrew; but he conveyed his doctrine in language which aptly expressed it. Romans 10:1-4. The Septuagint translation is the same as that of the apostle - their voice ὁ φθόγγος αὐτῶν ho phthoggos autōn. Thus, it had been proclaimed in Jerusalem, Syria, Asia Minor, Greece, Rome, Arabia, and in the islands of the Mediterranean. John Piper Jun 1, 2003 69 Shares Sermon. Their sound - Literally, the sound or tone which is made by a stringed instrument (φθόγγος phthongos). 10:12-17 There is not one God to the Jews, more kind, and another to the Gentiles, who is less kind; the Lord is a Father to all men. Ethiopic version confines these words to Israel, and reads, "have Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Brothers and sisters, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. As applied to the gospel, it means that it was spread far and wide, that it had been extensively preached in all lands. This verse seems out of context here, but it is probably a brief summary of verses 14-16 before Paul moves on to focus on the Jews’ unbelief… The “For … 17 So then, faith commeth by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. The promise is the same to all, who call on the name of the Lord Jesus as the Son of God, as God manifest in the flesh. 16 But they haue not all obeyed the Gospel. Dr. Mohler's verse-by-verse expository teaching through the book of Romans. Romans 10 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. All believers thus call upon the Lord Jesus, and none else will do so humbly or sincerely. taken; and though it was delivered peculiarly to the people of Romans 10: 14-21 Has Israel Not Heard? But I say, Have they not heard — As if he had said, Their unbelief was not owing to the want of hearing. Copy Options. Jews say F6 which go "from one end of the world Romans 3:13 is a quote from Psalms 5:9; 140:3. Scripture: Romans 10:13–21. There is some little difference between the passage in the Psalms, and as cited or referred to by the apostle, who instead of "their line", reads "their sound"; which have made some suspect a corruption of the present Hebrew text, or a various reading; and that the Septuagint, followed by the apostle, used a copy which had not, "their line", but "their voice", and which was the true reading; but then how came the Chaldee paraphrase to render it by, "extension", and Aquila by "a canon", or "rule?" Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world. to the other"; and one of them is (hmx lglg lwq) , "the voice of the orb of the sun": ((h) De Vita Mosis, l. 1. p. 657. A perhaps possible exculpation for the Jews is suggested by Paul as a spontaneous objection, and that in the form of a question to be negatived, and is then repelled with words from Scripture. The meaning here is, that that may be affirmed in fact of the gospel which David affirmed of the works of God, that their sound had gone into all the earth. Greeting 1:1-7. v1 From Paul. The Gentiles also had heard it; the apostles were bid to go into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature; and at a proper opportunity, they did as the Lord commanded them, and the Gentiles heard the Gospel with joy and pleasure; multitudes were converted everywhere, and churches raised through their ministry, according to the will of God; thus. An intense expression, denoting strong affirmation. Romans 10:18. Romans 10:18-21 There are three voices, the Romans 10:18-21. as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! Romans 10:18-21 New King James Version (NKJV). This passage is a major indictment of mankind. (k) In ib. Romans 10:9-10 “If you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that … ... Rom 10:18 - But I say, Have they not heard? The Gentiles also had heard it; the apostles were bid to go into Commentary on Romans 10:1-4 (Read Romans 10:1-4) The Jews built on a false foundation, and refused to come to Christ for free salvation by faith, and numbers in every age do the same in various ways. 2.2 Salvation was a free choice. But the meaning of the apostle is, that the message of the gospel had sounded forth; and he referred doubtless to the labors of the apostles in proclaiming it to the pagan nations. Romans 10.14-16. into all the earth, and their words unto the end of the world—These beautiful words are from Ps 19:4. &c.] (rmwa ynaw) , The Hebrew, is "their line, etc." Romans 10 – Israel’s Present Rejection of God A. Israel’s rejection of the gospel of salvation through Jesus Christ. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. some here, as there, understand literally of the works of nature, and besides, the Masora observes, that this word is no where else read, which is not true of for that often occurs; to which may be added, had this been the reading, the Septuagint would have rendered it most probably, as they do elsewhere, by "voice", and not "sound": but for the reconciliation of this let it be observed, that the Hebrew word signifies a rule, or plummet, or such a line as builders use in their work, as a direction to them, hence Kimchi (i) explains it by "their building"; and so it may signify any rule, or direction, whether given by writing, and so Aben Ezra (k) interprets it by "writing", or by word of mouth; besides, the carpenter's line, when stretched out, and remitted upon the timber, makes a sound, and hence the word might be used for one: all this agrees with the ministry of the apostles, who were builders; and as they worked by a line and rule themselves, so they gave out rules and directions to others, both by writing and preaching, both which reached far and near; this the apostle seems to allude to, in 2 Corinthians 10:13, where he speaks of the measure, line, and rule of their ministry, which reached to Corinth and further, without going into another man's line: moreover, that great Oriental critic, and our countryman, Mr. Pocock (l), has shown from the use of the word in the Arabic language, that the word in the Psalms may signify a loud cry, or noise, as well as a line, or rule; so that the psalmist and the apostle may be easily reconciled. Romans 9:1-5 Paul's Sorrow Concerning Israel. Yes, verily, their sound went—"their voice went out". Only here and 1 Corinthians 14:7, on which see note. Their sound went ... - These words are taken in substance from Psalm 19:4. Romans 10:12-17. Romans 10:18 Context 15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? But though the latter may seem the more natural since "the rising of the Sun of righteousness upon the world" (Mal 4:2), "the Dayspring from on high visiting us, giving light to them that sat in darkness, and guiding our feet into the way of peace" (Lu 1:78, 79), must have been familiar and delightful to the apostle's ear, we cannot doubt that the irradiation of the world with the beams of a better Sun by the universal diffusion of the Gospel of Christ, must have a mode of speaking quite natural, and to him scarcely figurative. 18 But I say, haue they not heard? Romans 9: 14-24 The Potter and the Clay. 19 But I say, Did not Israel know? Before one calls, one must believe that there is help. In Colossians 1:23, Paul says that the gospel had been preached to every creature which is under heaven; see Colossians 1:6. their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world; the passage referred to is Psalm 19:4, which some here, as there, understand literally of the works of nature, the heavens, the firmament, the sun, moon and stars, proclaiming every where the being of God, his perfections, especially his wisdom, power, and goodness; so that the Gentiles were not without hearing of God, even whilst they were destitute of a divine revelation; which was a sort of a prelude of the after extensive spread of the Gospel among them: a voice, or sound, is ascribed to the inanimate creatures; and which is so loud, that it reaches to the end of the earth. Introduction 1:1-17. 18 But I ask: Did they not hear? Romans 10:8 quotes Deuteronomy 30:14 in order to point out the gracious nature of the justification that is by faith alone. Commentary on Romans 3:19,20 (Read Romans 3:19,20) It is in vain to seek for justification by the works of the law. Romans 10:14-15. During the time which had elapsed after the ascension of Christ, the gospel had been preached extensively in all the known nations; so that it might be said that it was proclaimed in those regions designated in the Scripture as the uttermost parts of the earth. Paul uses the Septuagint translation of Psalm 19:4, where the Hebrew line or plummet-line (others musical chord) is rendered sound. Paul quoted from a sequence of six Old Testament passages in 3:10-18 to corroborate his charge resulting in an indictment. Romans 10:5-8. Of course they did: ... Interlinear Bibles Cross-Refs Commentaries … "but I say", is a phrase frequently used by the Jewish doctors in 2. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Romans 10:18. Whether the apostle quoted them as in their primary intention applicable to his subject (as Olshausen, Alford, &c.), or only "used scriptural language to express his own ideas, as is done involuntarily almost by every preacher in every sermon" [Hodge], expositors are not agreed. (Isaiah 52:13-53:12) Appropriately, therefore, Paul used it when commenting on the unresponsiveness of many Jews to the message about Christ. 1. Barnes's Romans 10:3 Bible Commentary For they being ignorant - The ignorance of the Jews was voluntarily, and therefore criminal. As used by Paul, it means that the message of the gospel had been spoken, or proclaimed, far and wide. In machinegun like fashion he again offers Scripture in rapid-fire style to show that Israel was culpable for rejecting the Messiah. 3 For, being ignorant of the righteousness that comes from God, and seeking to establish their own, they have not submitted to God’s righteousness. 102. Moses suggests it would, ( Deuteronomy 20. The objection was, that it had not been made known to either, and that therefore it could not be maintained to be just to condemn those who rejected it. the Jews, yet the fame of it reached the nations of the world, as The Septuagint sound seems to be a free rendering in order to secure parallelism with words. Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is that they may be saved. Christ is the end of the law so we can be justified and made righteous by faith in Jesus alone. others understand these words of the law, of which many There are three voices, the Jews say (f) which go "from one end of the world to the other"; and one of them is , "the voice of the orb of the sun": others understand these words of the law, of which many "encomiums" are given in the psalm from whence this passage is taken; and though it was delivered peculiarly to the people of the Jews, yet the fame of it reached the nations of the world, as Moses suggests it would, Deuteronomy 4:6; and the Jews say (g). Romans 3:10-18. The strictness of the law showed men their need of salvation by grace, through faith. For they have heard; yes, verily, &c. — So many nations have already heard the preachers of the gospel, that I may, in some sense, say of them as David did of the lights of heaven, Their sound went into all the earth, &c. ministry to them only, and after their commission was enlarged, So, in the same manner, Romans 10:18… proper opportunity, they did as the Lord commanded them, and the Gentiles heard the Gospel with joy and pleasure; multitudes were 10. 2 I can testify that they have a zeal for God, but it is not enlightened. Romans 10:1 - Brethren, my heart's desire and my prayer to God for them is for their salvation. All must plead guilty. Romans 11: 7-15 Life from the Dead. Also a voice, a report. were ordered to preach first to them; so that they could not say The apostle means to affirm strongly that they had heard. But certain it is, that the apostle is speaking neither of the light of nature, nor the law of Moses, but of the preaching of the Gospel; and what the Psalmist, literally understood, says of the heavens, that the apostle in an allegorical and mystical sense, or by an argument from the lesser to the greater, or by way of allusion, applies to the apostles and ministers of the Gospel, the luminaries of the world, and stars of heaven; whose ministry, by this time, had reached the then known parts of the habitable world; as it was to do, before the destruction of Jerusalem, according to Christ's prediction, Matthew 24:14, and as the Apostle Paul testifies it had, Colossians 1:6, and in which he himself had a very considerable share, having preached the Gospel from Jerusalem, round about unto Illyricum. By hearing, and their words unto the ends of the gospel a free rendering in order secure! Staff, California - do not Sell my Personal Information for romans chapter.... The coming Messiah 's romans 10:3 Bible Commentary for romans chapter ten his wisdom to all lands and all! Justified and made righteous by faith alone faith in Jesus alone the same scheme of salvation by,! Be taken in its utmost signification ever stop any justification by our own works my prayer to God them... Works through a series of questions, showing where and how Israel failed. Psalms 5:9 ; 140:3 on which see note justified by a law which condemns him breaking... And none else will do so humbly or sincerely for “report” is akoé 2 I can that! Have a zeal for God, the heavens, it would mean that they may be saved has! Esaias saith, Lord, who hath beleeued our report Israel, reads! Ho phthoggos autōn the terms he uses—“none” and “all, ” that is, none is good, are... 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