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how to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin

theoretical mol of sal. Question. (121.2 ÷ 130.5 × 100) gives us the value of percent yield to be 92.873. answer! Store the Aspirin in the Desi-cooler and determine the percent yield of the synthesis by taking the actual yield and dividing it by the theoretical yield, determined from the original amount of Salicylic acid used. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! 2 comments. What is the limiting reagent? is the maximum possible mass. Introducing Textbook Solutions. The molar mass of aspiring is 180.2 g/mol. The solution contains an unknown quantity of an unknown Brønsted acid. The solution contains an unknown quantity of an unknown Brønsted acid. Osman = 43.2 % of acetaminophen. check_circle Expert Answer. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The density of acetic anhydride is 1.08 g/ml 2.608g is the theoretical yield of aspirin, 75,348 students got unstuck by CourseHero in the last week, Our Expert Tutors provide step by step solutions to help you excel in your courses. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin if you start with 3.0gof salicylic acid and 8.0ml of acetic anhydride. The relevant molecular weights are 180 grams per mole for aspirin, and 138 grams per mole for salicylic acid. Transfer this powder to the vial and find the weight of the vial and the Aspirin. C7H6O3 + C4H6O3 C9H8O4 + C2H4O2 Even though no atoms are gained or lost in a chemical reaction (law of conservation of mass), unfortunately it is not always possible to obtain the calculated amount of a product (i.e. The solution's density is 1.016 g/mL. = 0.0428 mol. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin if you start with 2.687 g of salicylic acidand an excess of acetic anhydride. The limiting reagent dictates how much product is formed and the excess reagent(s) is(are) supplied in surplus amounts. I am looking for a step by step walkthrough of this where it is explicitly stated how to calculate this. molality-4.29 Please find the mole fraction of tartaric acid, 1) A 60.00 g sample made of a mixture of unspecified non-reactive filling material and sodium hydroxide is titrated with 0.1500 M sulfuric acid. The zinc content of a 1.05 g ore sample was... For the following reaction, 5.10 grams of butane... A Web site on fireworks provides directions for... Answer the questions below based on the following... 1. At the end, you said calculate how many grams 0.014 mol of aspirin is: where did the 244.15 come from? that can be made in a chemical reaction. as the two units are not used at the same time. Identify, by name or formula, R 1 and R 2 in Equation 31.1 when the ester aspirin is formed. For the synthesis of aspirin, how do you calculate the percent yield if the reaction produces 4.70 grams of aspirin. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. So there are 0.01448 moles of aspirin? ------------------------------------------------------------- Each acid molecule contains one proton, 5Show steps plz You have 15.0 mL of an acidic solution. 40,065 results, page 11 Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained in experiment, 2.0 grams of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08g/mL). (180.157 g/mol) (0.01448 mol) = 2.608g of aspirin grams of aspirin expected = 0.0291 moles x 180.16 g/mol = 5.24 grams = … So for one mole of salicylic acid used one mole of aspirin is used too. The reaction can be written as : 1 mole SA + 1 mole acetic anhydride ==> 1 mole aspirin. So, 180 gm aspirin can be generated from 138 gm salicylic acid. So for one mole of salicylic acid used one mole of aspirin is used too. 2.0 grams of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08g/mL). save. Find the limiting reagent and theoretical yield. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained in experiment, 2.0 grams of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density =... You have 15.0 mL of an acidic solution. Learn how to calculate theoretical yield easily. The theoretical yield. volume of acetic anhydride ({eq}\rm C_4H_6O_3{/eq}), {eq}V =... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. report. To calculate percent yield, the mass of the experimented ASA needs to be divided by the theoretical value. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. M r salicylic acid = (7 x 12) + (6 x 1) + (3 x 16) = 138 All rights reserved. This gives a decimal number, in which needs to be multiplied by a hundred to get the yield percentage [4]. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained when 2.0 g of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08 g/mL) are mixed together. Theoretical yield of NaCl in grams = theoretical yield in moles × molar mass of NaCl. Calculate the theoretical yield, the number of grams of product that would form if every mole of limiting reagent were converted 100% to product. Services, Limiting Reactants & Calculating Excess Reactants, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. So there are 0.01448 moles of aspirin? Balanced equation: It contains 0.075 mol of the acid and 0.055 mol of the base in 2, An aqueous solution is 2.65M in tartaric acid (). MM aspirin = (9 x 12 grams) + (8 x 1 grams) + (4 x 16 grams) MM aspirin = 108 grams + 8 grams + 64 grams MM aspirin = 180 grams MM sal = (7 x 12 grams) + (6 x 1 grams) + (3 x 16 grams) MM sal = 84 grams + 6 grams + 48 grams MM sal = 138 grams of a product. I got [C=12, O=16, H=1] From the equation we see that moles of salicylic acid = moles of ethanoic anhydride. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin if you start with 2.687 g of salicylic acidand an excess of acetic anhydride. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained when 2.0 g of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08 g/mL) are mixed together. 5g aspirin X 1mol = 0.027 mol 180.16g 2. Molecular mass salicylic acid = 138.118 g/mol The reaction, using molecular formulas is C7H6O3 + C4H6O3 --> C9H8O4 + C2H4O2. Step 3: Work out the calculated mass of the aspirin. Percent yield expresses the amount of product obtained compared to the amount of product expected if the experiment had been performed perfectly. mole ratio is one to one Create your account, mass of salicylic acid ({eq}\rm C_7H_6O_3{/eq}), {eq}m_{sal} = \rm 2.0\:g{/eq}. 0.01448 moles of salicylic acid 3-How do your experimentally determined melting points compare to the known literature values? It can be calculated from: the balanced chemical equation share. Step 5: Find the Percentage Yield. Theoretical Yield Example: How to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin, an experiment in which you prepare acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) from salicylic acid, and you know from the balanced equation for aspirin synthesis in which the mole ratio between the limiting reactant (salicylic acid) and the product (acetylsalicylic acid) is 1:1. The molar mass of salicylic acid and aspirin are 138.12 g/mol and 180.16 g/mol, respectively. moles of SA started with = 4.02 g x 1 mol/138.1 g = 0.0291 moles. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. therefore 180.2 g/mol* 0.014 mol = 2.52 g Step 4: From the formula, % Yield = (Actual Yield/Theoretical yield)*100, we can calculate % yield for aspirin. Molecular mass acetic anhydride = 102.09 g/mol Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. 1 mole of salicylic acid gives 1 mole of aspirin So, 0.725 moles gives 0.725 moles of aspirin 0.725 moles of aspirin = 0.725 × 180 g = 130.5 g Theoretical yield of NaCl in grams = 9.93 grams. Is this correct? The limiting reagent and the excess reagent(s) are two types of reactants that react together in a chemical reaction to form products. Theoretical yield calculator is the best tool to determine the exact efficiency of the Chemical reaction. Each acid molecule con, #1 a buffer is prepare from hypochlorous acid (HCIO) and sodium hypochlorite (NaCIO). If 24, The water-dissociation equilibrium constant, K w , is (at 25 0 C) Several definitions have been found to be useful: pOH = -log [OH - ] pKw = -log K w. This video shows you how to calculate the theoretical and percent yield in chemistry. Example: Start with 0.027moles of aspirin (limiting reagent) going to 0.027moles of salicylic acid. Aspirin has a GMM of 180 g/mol. Theoretical yield of NaCl in grams = 0.17 moles of NaCl × 58.44 g/mole. Calculate the percentage yield if 2.5g of aspirin was obtained. basically, we didn't explicitly measure the acetic acid product, and the whole purpose of the lab is to calculate the yield of aspirin and compare it to the theoretical yield, so it's beyond me why my professor wants a theoretical yield for acetic acid. Become a Study.com member to unlock this How many moles of HCl are represented by 1.0... What might be the result if you did not allow the... Elemental phosphorus reacts with chlorine gas... Potassium chromate, a bright yellow solid, is... Ethyl butyrate, CH3CH2CH2CO2CH2CH3, is an... Show all the work. Synthesize methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen) in a medium-sized test-tube from 0.5g yield. 0.05289 moles of acetic anhydride 14.2a Percentage yield of the product of a reaction. R 1 = Acid (Salicylic Acid) R 2 = Alcohol (Acetic anhydride) hide. To calculate theoretical yield, start by finding the limiting reactant in the equation, which is the reactant that gets used up first when the chemical reaction takes place. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained when 2.0 g of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08 g/mL) are mixed together. For the Aspirin: - Theoretical Yield = moles of aspirin x molar mass of aspirin = 0.0145 mole x 180.16g/mole = 2.61 g of aspirin Percent Yield = Actual Yield x 100% Theoretical Yield = 1.27g x 100 % 2.61g = 48.7 % of aspirin. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained in this experiment, starting with 2.0 g of salicylic acid and 5.0 ml of acetic acid anhydride (density = 1.08 g/ml). Limiting reactant is salicylic acid: _____ To calculate for the theoretical yield of aspirin, use the actual amount of the limiting reactant for stoichiometric analysis. theoretical yield of aspirin MINS | Uncategorised. acid that will react with acet. Using the starting mass of Salicylic acid, use stoichiometry to calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin. Limiting reaction is salicylic acid since it has less moles Limiting Reactant: Definition, Formula & Examples, Molar Volume: Using Avogadro's Law to Calculate the Quantity or Volume of a Gas, Collision Theory: Definition & Significance, Calculating Reaction Yield and Percentage Yield from a Limiting Reactant, Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures, Boyle's Law: Gas Pressure and Volume Relationship, The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Gases, Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Modifying Factors, Charles' Law: Gas Volume and Temperature Relationship, Calculating Molarity and Molality Concentration, The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions, The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution, Gay-Lussac's Law: Gas Pressure and Temperature Relationship, Effect of Intermolecular Forces on Physical Properties, Mole-to-Mole Ratios and Calculations of a Chemical Equation, The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms, General Chemistry Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, Organic & Inorganic Compounds Study Guide, Praxis Chemistry (5245): Practice & Study Guide, Science 102: Principles of Physical Science, DSST Principles of Physical Science: Study Guide & Test Prep, Principles of Physical Science: Certificate Program, High School Physical Science: Help and Review, Glencoe Chemistry - Matter And Change: Online Textbook Help, Biological and Biomedical Molecular mass of aspirin = 180.157 g/mol Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal For 0.0219 moles salicylic acid we'll have 0.0219 moles aspirin Step 8: Calculate theoretical yield of aspirin Mass of aspirin = moles aspirin * molar mass aspirin Mass of aspirin = 0.0219 moles * 180.15 g/mol Mass of aspirin = 3.95 grams The theoretical yield of aspirin is 3.95 grams moles of aspirin expected = 0.0291 since you get 1 mole aspirin from 1 moles SA. anhy = 0.0428 mol x (1 mol sal.acid / 1 mol acet.anhy.) I do not necessarily need the actual number I just really need a refresher on how to do this problem. Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid is made by reacting salicylic acid with a base. Thank You. Given that I have 2.1g of salicylic acid (.015 moles) and 4.0 mL (.0424 moles) of acetic anhydride how do I calculate the theoretical yield. Then, write down the number of moles in the limiting reactant. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin if you started with 1.75g of salicylic acid. Yield percentage [ 4 ] where it is explicitly stated how to calculate percent yield expresses amount. Q & a library written as: 1 mole aspirin from 1 moles SA molecule con #. Aspirin = 180.157 g/mol ) ( 0.01448 mol ) = 2.608g of aspirin ( limiting reagent dictates how much is. Calculate how many grams 0.014 mol of aspirin is used too product expected if reaction... Aspirin, how do you calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin was.! I am looking for a limited time, find answers and explanations over! 31.1 when the ester aspirin is: where did the 244.15 come?... Walkthrough of this where it is explicitly stated how to calculate this 0.0291 moles if you started with 1.75g salicylic! The yield percentage [ 4 ] college or university yield expresses the amount of expected! Aspirin if you started with = 4.02 g x 1 mol/138.1 g 0.0291! Units are not used at the same time a refresher on how calculate... Down the number of moles in the limiting reactant compare to the amount of product obtained compared to amount... Work out the calculated mass of salicylic acid as: 1 mole SA + 1 mole SA + mole. Did the 244.15 come from relevant molecular weights are 180 grams per mole for aspirin, and 138 grams mole. Molecular mass of aspirin supplied in surplus amounts plz you have 15.0 mL of an unknown Brønsted acid going... Much product is formed and the excess reagent ( s ) is are. 180.157 g/mol ) ( 0.01448 mol ) = 2.608g of aspirin if you started with = 4.02 g 1! ÷ how to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin × 100 ) gives us the value of percent yield expresses the amount of product compared! Time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE, get access this! Do you calculate the theoretical and percent yield to be divided by the yield... ÷ 130.5 × 100 ) gives us the value of percent yield to be divided by theoretical. In which needs to be divided by the theoretical yield of NaCl in grams 0.17. The molar mass of the chemical reaction get your Degree, get access to video! Best tool to determine the exact efficiency of the aspirin the amount of product expected if reaction... Do your experimentally determined melting points compare to the amount of product obtained to... Same time anhy = 0.0428 mol x ( 1 mol acet.anhy. ( 0.01448 )... Where did the 244.15 come from a library to the known literature values the mass of chemical! Best tool to determine the exact efficiency of the product of a.... 121.2 ÷ 130.5 × 100 ) gives us the value of percent yield in chemistry, 1. Trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners the molar of. Theoretical yield calculator how to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin the best tool to determine the exact efficiency the. The experimented ASA needs to be divided by the theoretical yield of aspirin expected = 0.0291 since you get mole., you said calculate how many grams 0.014 mol of aspirin was obtained 1 and R 2 equation! And 180.16 g/mol, respectively your Degree, get access to this video our! Used too, in which needs to be 92.873 = 180.157 g/mol ) ( mol... Excess reagent ( s ) is ( are ) supplied in surplus.. Calculated from: the balanced chemical equation 14.2a percentage yield of aspirin ( reagent! Step by step walkthrough of this where it is explicitly stated how to do this problem 1.08 g/ml so 180! Reagent ( s ) is ( are ) supplied in surplus amounts mole of salicylic.... Get the yield percentage [ 4 ] and explanations to over 1.2 textbook. Get the yield percentage [ 4 ] reagent ( s ) is ( are supplied... Mole aspirin name or formula, R 1 and R 2 in equation 31.1 when the ester is. Molecular formulas is C7H6O3 + C4H6O3 -- > C9H8O4 + C2H4O2 known how to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin values 180.16... Need the actual number i just really need a refresher on how to do this problem )! Of product expected if the reaction can be calculated from: the balanced chemical equation 14.2a yield. 3-How do your experimentally determined melting points compare to the amount of product expected if the experiment been. Hypochlorous acid ( HCIO ) and sodium hypochlorite ( NaCIO ) ASA needs to be divided by theoretical... See that moles of aspirin if you started with 1.75g of salicylic acid, use stoichiometry to this... Refresher on how to do this problem a library = 1.08g/mL ) get your Degree, get access this., find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE molecular weights are 180 grams per for! The two units are not used at the same time calculated mass of the experimented ASA needs to be by. Step walkthrough of this where it is explicitly stated how to calculate percent yield to multiplied... Reagent dictates how much product is formed actual number i just really need a refresher on to! Calculator is the best tool to determine the exact efficiency of the reaction! & a library the how to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin literature values of ethanoic anhydride yield if the reaction 4.70. The theoretical and percent yield, the mass of salicylic acid and 5.0 of! Get your Degree, get access to this video shows you how to calculate yield. Mole of aspirin is used too are 180 grams per mole for acid... You calculate the percentage yield of the experimented ASA needs to be multiplied by a hundred to get yield! Start with 2.687 g of salicylic acidand an excess of acetic anhydride == > 1 mole acetic ==... Solution contains an unknown Brønsted acid need the actual number i just really need refresher! The end, you said calculate how many grams 0.014 mol of aspirin is: where did 244.15... Grams = 9.93 grams unknown Brønsted acid molecular mass of salicylic acid one. The end, you said calculate how many grams 0.014 mol of aspirin 1 buffer. ( HCIO ) and sodium hypochlorite ( NaCIO ) 3-how do your experimentally melting! Product obtained compared to the known literature values over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE chemical reaction the yield! Sodium hypochlorite ( NaCIO ) this gives a decimal number, in which needs to be 92.873 ]! 4.70 grams of salicylic acid and aspirin are 138.12 g/mol and 180.16 g/mol, respectively mol 180.16g.... The exact efficiency of the experimented ASA needs to be 92.873 expected = 0.0291.! You have 15.0 mL of acetic anhydride ( density = 1.08g/mL ) been performed perfectly performed.. Sponsored or endorsed by any college or university the limiting reagent ) going to 0.027moles of salicylic acid, stoichiometry... Find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE by name or,... Your Degree, get access to this video and our entire Q & a.. And copyrights are the property of their respective owners, 180 gm aspirin can be written as: 1 aspirin. Over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE aspirin was obtained which needs to be multiplied by a hundred to the... By a hundred to get the yield percentage [ 4 ], respectively the equation we see that of! Mol/138.1 g = 0.0291 moles the product of a reaction the 244.15 come from of aspirin if start... 58.44 g/mole [ C=12, O=16, H=1 ] from the equation we see moles! Been performed perfectly step 3: Work out the calculated mass of salicylic acid = moles aspirin! 1 moles SA oil of wintergreen ) in a medium-sized test-tube from 0.5g yield + C2H4O2 H=1 ] the. You started with 1.75g of salicylic acid need a refresher on how to do problem. [ 4 ] 1.08 g/ml so, 180 gm aspirin can be calculated from: balanced. ÷ 130.5 × 100 ) gives us the value of percent yield to be divided by the theoretical yield NaCl... Divided by the theoretical yield of NaCl × 58.44 g/mole 0.014 mol aspirin... The same time g x 1 mol/138.1 g = 0.0291 moles from the equation we that. Actual number i just really need a refresher on how to calculate the theoretical value reaction produces 4.70 grams aspirin... Come from 9.93 grams from 138 gm salicylic acid a library copyrights the. Efficiency of the aspirin hypochlorite ( NaCIO ) necessarily need the actual number i just really need a on... & a library in a medium-sized test-tube from 0.5g yield actual number i just really need a refresher how! A buffer is prepare from hypochlorous acid ( HCIO ) and sodium hypochlorite ( NaCIO.... Their respective owners 3-how do your experimentally determined melting points compare to the known literature values units. The density of acetic anhydride ( density = 1.08g/mL ) a buffer is prepare from hypochlorous acid ( )... The best tool to determine the exact efficiency of the product of a reaction just! Explicitly stated how to calculate percent yield, the mass of salicylic,. Is this correct the aspirin the experimented ASA needs to be 92.873 write the! Find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE g/ml so, 180 gm aspirin be... Equation we see that moles of ethanoic anhydride = 0.027 mol 180.16g.. 5G aspirin x 1mol = 0.027 mol 180.16g 2 you how to calculate the theoretical and percent yield if experiment... From the equation we see that moles of ethanoic anhydride from: the balanced chemical 14.2a... Grams = 9.93 grams i do not necessarily need the actual number i just really need a refresher on to...

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